Buprenorphine Abuse Side Effects
All medications have some effects although there are some people who do not get the effects. There are some side effects of Buprenorphine addiction that are common among the users.
However there is a need for those who are taking prescription Buprenorphine in order to treat opiate addiction to consult a doctor if the side effects become bothersome or persistent. The common side effects of Buprenorphine are:
There are other side effects that are more severe. Those who experience the symptoms either when taking Buprenorphine for treatment or when abusing the drug should immediately go for a medical checkup. Allergic reactions are part of the severe reactions. These include hives, rash, itching and difficulties when breathing. The other allergic reactions are tightness in chest and swelling on tongue, lips, mouth or face. The other severe Buprenorphine side effects are:
- Nervousness or Anxiety
- Blurred Vision
- Decreased Attention
- Dark Urine
- Lack of Appetite
- Irregular Heartbeat
- Mood and Mental Changes such as Depression
- Lack of Coordination
- Pale Stool
- Persistent Sleeping Difficulties
- Severe Stomach Pain or Constipation
- Persistent Drowsiness and Dizziness
- Shallow and Slow Breathing
- Slow Reflexes
- Swelling on the Ankles, Feet and Hands
- Slurred Speech
- Yellowing of Skin or the Eyes
Negative Side Effects of Buprenorphine Abuse
The use of buprenorphine can increase the intracholedochal pressure. The other gastrointestinal effects of the drug are constipation, diarrhea, nausea and vomiting.
Hypersensitivity is among the severe side effects of Buprenorphine addiction. The hypersensitivity reactions that are caused by buprenorphine include hives, pruritus, bronchospasm, anaphylactic shock and angioneurotic edema.
The cardiovascular effects that are found among the people who use Buprenorphine are vasodilatation and orthostatic hypotension. Those who abuse crushed buprenorphine tablets through inhalation are more likely to experience acute chest pain and anterior-myocardial infarction.
Respiratory system is among the body systems that are affected by the use of buprenorphine. The side effects include respiratory depression that is caused by therapeutic doses of sublingual and injectable buprenorphine. Intravenous abuse of buprenorphine can cause dyspnea, cyanosis and apnea. The other effects on the respiratory system are rhinitis or respiratory depression mostly after the intravenous administration. Buprenorphine has been associated with pulmonary edema.
The psychiatric effects that are caused buprenorphine are depersonalization, euphoria, psychosis and depression. It has also been found to cause Dysphoria but these are rare cases. Buprenorphine has also been associated with visual hallucinations.
Continuous use of Buprenorphine might elevate the pressure of cerebrospinal fluid. This causes changes in consciousness level. The other buprenorphine effects on the centeral nervous system are tinnitus, agitation, somnolence, tremors and coma. There are other users who experience convulsions. There is increased depression on the CNS system if the patients who are taking buprenorphine combined with other CNS depressants like general anesthetics, benzodiazepines, tranquilizers, sedatives, alcohol or narcotic analgesics.